Types & Cultivation

Mitsuba

Mitsuba


Mitsuba is also known as Japanese parsley, Japanese Chervil, Japanese wild parsley or honeywort. Mitsuba - a delightful Japanese herb with a clean fresh flavor reminiscent of angelica, celery and parsley.

 

Leaves, root and stems are used raw or cooked, seedlings and young leaves added to salads. The seed is used for seasoning and the stem can be blanched and used as a celery substitute. The cress-like young seedlings are used in salads and the stems and leaves are chopped and used to flavor a number of dishes.

 

The leaves which are dark green look a little like oversized flat leaf parsley.

 

Though the plant's stems are cooked in the Orient for special uses (such as tying up sushi rolls), in western cuisine what's wanted is the leaves - used raw, not cooked into dishes, as cooking destroys the flavor (as with chervil).

 

Cultivation of Mitsuba

Site: It succeeds in most soils, preferring a moist shady position under trees where it often self-sows. The leaves tend to turn yellow when plants are grown in full sun. It is not winter-hardy, though plants can tolerate short periods at temperatures down to about 50°F. Mitsuba wants good watering, though (like most herbs) doesn't like "wet feet", so arrange for good. drainage.

Propagation: Seed - sow April in a greenhouse. Germination is usually rapid, prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. The ideal temperature for sowing is about 77°F, though seed does germinate at higher and lower temperatures. Seed can also be sown in early autumn.

Growing: Mitsuba is commonly cultivated as a vegetable in Japan and there are some named varieties. It does not always survive the winter and so it is usually grown as an annual. The main problem with growing it is that the plant is adored by slugs and snails and must be protected when small or when new growth is emerging in the spring.

Harvesting: Harvest a few leaves as needed. Left uncut, the plant can reach two feet in height. Keep the small, white blossoms trimmed. Note well that to preserve its fragrance, it should never be more than at very most briefly parboiled: add it to cooked dishes just before serving.

Culinary Uses: The leaves and stems can be eaten raw or cooked, they have a parsley like flavor. The seedlings and young leaves can be used in salads whilst older leaves are used as a flavouring. When cooking, the leaves should not be cooked for more than a couple of minutes or the flavour is destroyed.

Use in soup or salad. Looks similar to Italian parsley. All parts of the plant can be eaten, including the roots and seeds. The attractive trefoil leaves are used in Japanese flower arranging, and the stems are tied in a knot to decorate dishes at Japanese weddings to bring good luck.

The flavour is reminiscent of celery mixed with a bit of parsley, sorrel and coriander!

Types of Herbs